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Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Physical Changes during pregnancy

2:50 PM

# The following discussion addresses some of the changes and issues experienced by expecting mother during early pregnancy (1st trimester, 1 month - 3 months)

# Physical changes

# Basal body temperature continues to be high for more than 2 weeks.
# Amenorrhea
# Nipples become colorized.
# Breasts grow larger and feel inflated.
# Frequent urination
# Increase in vaginal secretions
# Morning sickness
# Emotions become sensitive.


# The placenta is not completely formed, and there's a danger of miscarriage, so refrain from immoderate exercise and long travel.
# If there's morning sickness, eat smaller portions often. Usually morning sickness goes away by the 3rd month. If it continues and is severe, consult a doctor.
# To prevent constipation, eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, and try to make it a habit to go to the bathroom at a set time every day.
# Bad teeth can get worse with pregnancy. Receive a checkup ahead of time to prevent teeth from getting worse.
# Rather than tight clothes, wear loose clothes that are comfortable to move in.
# When mothers suffer from diseases such as rubella (German measles), there's the danger of the baby being affected and deformed. Receive a general medical examination.
# When taking medication, consult a doctor.
# Prevent infection by avoiding crowded areas.

Middle period of pregnancy (2nd trimester, 4 months - 7 months)

Physical changes

# A relatively safe time and small chance of miscarriage
# Around the 5th month, fetal movement is felt.
# Increased appetite and body weight
# Lower abdomen and breasts grow gradually.
# When standing, the upper body begins to tilt back.
# Emotions become sensitive


# As the fetus grows, more nutrients are needed. Eat plenty of nutritious and well-balanced meals.
# Pay attention to blood circulation, because it may be disrupted as the fetus grows, causing hemorrhoids and bloodshot veins in the legs.
# In the 7th month, receive an examination to check the baby's position, and be cautious of fever and pain from urinary tract infection, which may be related to gestosis.
# It becomes harder to balance the body as the fetus grows, so wear comfortable low-heel shoes. Vaginal bleeding during this period may be related to abnormalities with the placenta, so consult a doctor immediately.

Late pregnancy (3rd trimester, 8 months - 10 months)

Physical changes

# Abdominal striae appear
# May develop edema in the legs
# Frequent urination
# Occasionally, toward the end of pregnancy, there's secretion with a little blood. This is a sign that labor will begin within days.


# During the 8th and 9th month, receive examinations every 2 weeks, and during the last month receive an examination every week so that there is time for treatment.
# Eat healthfully and be prepared to deliver at anytime.
# Beginning in the 8th month, wash breasts with lukewarm water every morning and evening, and afterwards rub the nipples and the surrounding area with a dry towel. When the nipples are depressed (inverted nipples), they can interfere with breast-feeding, so consult a doctor and receive treatment.
# Don't be anxious about delivery, and look to an expert for guidance.
# Refrain from sexual relations toward the end of pregnancy, especially the last month.
# Refrain from excessive sports and exercise, which can cause premature birth and edema.

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