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Monday, April 13, 2009

Diseases Associated with Obesity

5:19 AM
# Obese people have 4 times the risk of getting diabetes than people of normal weight.

# Diabetes is a metabolic disease caused by the lack of insulin.

# The lack of insulin causes sugar to be excreted instead of being turned into calories.

# Insulin transports glucose to the tissue and accelerates the metabolizing of carbohydrates. It also stores glucose as glycogen and plays an important role in fat and protein synthesis.

# In order to gain energy, glucose in the food we eat must be absorbed into the body, enter the blood vessels, and be carried to tissue that needs it. With diabetes, the absorbed glucose stays in the blood vessels and eventually is excreted.

# Hyperlipemia is when there's an unusually high amount of fat in the blood.

# Hyperlipemia occurs when fat, like triglyceride and cholesterol, isn't metabolized properly.

# Because there's a lot of cholesterol, hyperlipemia is also known as hypercholesteremia.

# Genetics, obesity, diabetes, stress, thyroid gland dysfunction, liver dysfunction, and pituitary dysfunction are causes of hyperlipemia.

# Obesity has a close relation with fatty tissue. Hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglycedemia are more common in people who have an obese upper body than people with obese lower bodies.

# There is good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL). Bad cholesterol (LDL) has a close connection with body weight.

# Hyperlipemia occurs easily in people who are obese because they have trouble metabolizing lipids.

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