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Sunday, April 12, 2009

Allergic Reaction

11:16 AM


DESCRIPTION
* Allergic reactions can occur in response to many foods, cosmetics, drugs, and environmental triggers.
* Reactions can occur within a few minutes or often after a second exposure.

SYMPTOMS
* Red, itchy rash or Hives are the most obvious symptoms.
* Swelling around the eyes and lips are also common.
* Flushing, headache, abdominal cramps, runny nose, and congestion.
* Worse symptoms may include difficulty breathing, wheezing, cough, fever, swollen tongue, sloughing of skin, and blood in urine.
* Severe reactions can lower blood pressure and cause fainting.

HOW THE DIAGNOSIS IS MADE
* Onset of reaction often related to use of new product.
* Previous history of similar reaction.
* Rashes on a single area or over the entire body.

TREATMENT
* Most cases resolve when the cause is removed.
* Over-the-counter antihistamines will help with the itching and swelling.
* Physicians in severe cases can give adrenaline. Severe reactions should be treated in the emergency room.
* Steroid creams or oral medications may also help treat the symptoms.

PREVENTION
* Check the ingredients of foods, cosmetics and drugs. If your child has experienced a severe allergic reaction to any specific irritant, he/she should wear a bracelet indicating the previous allergic history.



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