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Sunday, April 12, 2009

Aging Eyes

12:05 PM


ALSO KNOWN AS
Presbyopia or old eyes

DESCRIPTION
* This is a condition that affects most people as they age. It is due to the loss of the normal elasticity (ability to bounce back to it's normal shape) of the lens of the eye. Over time, Presbyopia results in the inability to see close objects, as when reading a newspaper.

CAUSE
* Age -- affects most people over the age 45

SYMPTOMS
* Headache when reading
* Eyes get tired when reading
* Difficulty reading in dim light
* Letters on a page may appear fuzzy

HOW THE DIAGNOSIS IS MADE
* A doctor or an optometrist can diagnose the problem.
* History of symptoms
* Exam will include a vision test with an eye chart (visual acuity).
* Optometrist will have equipment to do other tests, such as a slit lamp exam using a special microscope to look inside the eye, or a refraction test for those with blurred vision.

RISK FACTORS
* Age -- may start as early as age 30

TREATMENT
* Glasses and contact lenses are the best treatment.
* Improve lighting when reading
* Rest the eyes often between readings.
* Consult with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor) to see if new treatments or surgeries are for you.
* At the present time, laser surgery is not effective for Presbyopia, but new techniques are being investigated.

IF YOU SUSPECT THIS CONDITION
* Contact your optometrist or your doctor.

SIMILAR CONDITIONS
* Farsightedness


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